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Complete Anatomy Courses

Histology of the Human Organs

course poster

About this course

By Geoff Meyer

All body organs are made up of the four basic tissues: epithelium, connective tissue, muscle and nervous tissue. In this course, students are presented detailed descriptions of the histological structure and cellular specializations of organs and organ systems of the body accompanied by high resolution images of each tissue and organ. This curriculum in histology is typical of what students study in any medical, dental, and allied health course at colleges and universities throughout the world. This course was originally developed for The University of Western Australia, more information available here.

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Relate the functions of cells and tissues to the function of the organ and the organ system

Understand the microscopic structure of organs and so be able to identify and describe the major cells and tissues that comprise each organ of the body

Understand the histology of human organs within the context of cell biology in preparation for further study of pathology, and advanced cell biology and molecular biology

Each Lecture covers a different system or region in detail

0LECTURES
0VIDEOS

Learning Outcomes

done

Understand the microscopic structure of organs and so be able to identify and describe the major cells and tissues that comprise each organ of the body.

done

Relate the functions of cells and tissues to the function of the organ and the organ system.

done

Understand the histology of human organs within the context of cell biology in preparation for further study of pathology, and advanced cell biology and molecular biology.

Author

Geoff Meyer
Geoff Meyer
University of Western Australia

Dr Geoffrey Meyer BSc (Hons) PhD FRSB is a Professor (Retired) and currently Senior Honorary Research Fellow in the School of Human Sciences, at the University of Western Australia (UWA). He has been teaching anatomy (including neuroanatomy) and histology for over 36 years and has received a number of teaching awards including a UWA Excellence in Innovation in Teaching Award, an International Excellence in Innovation in Teaching, Learning and Technology Award and was a 1999 Australian University Teaching Award Winner. In 2006, he received a UWA Teaching Fellowship and was awarded a prestigious ALTC (Australian Learning and Teaching Council) Fellowship in 2009. He has also been a Project Leader on a number of ALTC Project Grants as well as continuing to be an assessor for both ALTC Project Grants and Australian University Teaching Awards. Geoffrey Meyer continues to teach histology courses at UWA and still maintains a very active role creating innovative histology teaching and learning tools. He also teaches histology and anatomy (including neuroanatomy) to medical, dental and chiropractic students at two other universities in Perth, Western Australia. He is currently an instructor presenting 2 histology courses completely online for University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA) Extension. He is listed as a “Best Educator” for Histology Courses for Lecturio Medical Education and a member of their Faculty Advisory Board. Geoffrey Meyer is a Fellow of the Royal Society of Biology (FRSB) and the Coordinator for Histology on the Federative International Program for Anatomical Terminologies (FIPAT) of the International Federation of Associations of Anatomists (IFAA). His major work is the award-winning “Meyer’s Histology” via Histology Online, which is an innovative, interactive, online atlas and a platform delivering learning and teaching resources in histology including an extensive virtual microscopy facility.

Contents

Module 1
Histology: An Introduction
Introduction 1 - Course Syllabus
4 MINUTES
Introduction 2 - Artifacts due to Histological Processing Techniques
4 MINUTES
Introduction 3 - Limitations of Histological Stains/Dyes
2 MINUTES
Introduction 4 - 3D Interpretation from 2D Histological Sections
2 MINUTES
Module 2
Cardiovascular System
Lecture Overview
4 MINUTES
Heart Wall (Gross Anatomy)
2 MINUTES
Heart Wall (Histology)
4 MINUTES
Contractile Cardiac Muscle Fibres
2 MINUTES
Conducting Cardiac Muscle Fibres (Gross Anatomy)
2 MINUTES
Conducting Cardiac Muscle Fibres (Histology)
3 MINUTES
Aorta (Introduction)
3 MINUTES
Layers of the Aorta (Elastic Tissue Stained)
4 MINUTES
Layers of the Aorta (H&E Stained)
4 MINUTES
Large Muscular (Distributing) Artery
4 MINUTES
Small Muscular Artery (eg. in the Pancreas)
3 MINUTES
Small Muscular Artery (eg. in the Kidney)
3 MINUTES
Review of the Blood Vessel Wall
3 MINUTES
Arteriole and Venule (Transverse Section)
2 MINUTES
Arteriole and Venule (Longitudinal Section)
1 MINUTES
Smaller Arteriole and Venule
3 MINUTES
Capillaries
3 MINUTES
Valve in Vein
1 MINUTES
Large Vein (Vena Cava)
3 MINUTES
Module 3
Respiratory System
Lecture Overview
3 MINUTES
Nasal Cavity
3 MINUTES
Nasal Concha and Respiratory Tract Epithelium
4 MINUTES
Olfactory Epithelium
4 MINUTES
Larynx and Epiglottis
3 MINUTES
Vocal Folds
3 MINUTES
Trachea
3 MINUTES
Extrapulmonary Bronchus
3 MINUTES
Intrapulmonary Bronchus
4 MINUTES
Lung (Introduction)
2 MINUTES
Lung Lobule
2 MINUTES
Lung Acinus (Microanatomy Model)
4 MINUTES
Lung Acinus (Histology)
3 MINUTES
Pulmonary Artery and Pulmonary Vein
2 MINUTES
Alveolar Duct and Interalveolar Septum (Microanatomy Model)
3 MINUTES
Interalveolar Septum - Cell Types
2 MINUTES
Visceral Pleura
2 MINUTES
Module 4
Endocrine System
Lecture Overview
3 MINUTES
Pituitary Gland (Gross Anatomy)
1 MINUTES
Pituitary Gland (Introduction - Histology)
4 MINUTES
Adenohypophysis (Anterior Pituitary)
4 MINUTES
Neurohypophysis (Posterior Pituitary)
2 MINUTES
Pituitary Gland (Pars Nervosa)
1 MINUTES
Pituitary Gland - Pars Distalis and Nervosa (H&E Stain)
4 MINUTES
Thyroid Gland
5 MINUTES
Parathyroid Gland
2 MINUTES
Endocrine Pancreas
3 MINUTES
Adrenal Gland - Introduction
3 MINUTES
Adrenal Gland - Layers of the Cortex and Blood Supply
3 MINUTES
Adrenal Medulla
4 MINUTES
Module 5
Female Reproductive System
Lecture Overview
3 MINUTES
Female Reproductive System (Anatomy)
2 MINUTES
Ovary ("Germinal Epithelium", Tunica Albuginea and Primary Follicles)
4 MINUTES
Ovary (Primary and Secondary Oocytes; Theca Interna and Theca Externa)
2 MINUTES
Ovary (Secondary and Pre-Ovulatory Follicle)
2 MINUTES
Ovary (Atretic Follicle; Degenerated Zona Pellucida and Glassy Membrane)
2 MINUTES
Corpus Luteum and Corpus Albicans
3 MINUTES
Uterine Tube
2 MINUTES
Uterus (Proliferative and Secretory Endometrium)
5 MINUTES
Cervix and Vagina
3 MINUTES
Module 6
Male Reproductive System
Lecture Overview
2 MINUTES
Male Reproductive System (Gross Anatomy)
3 MINUTES
Testis and Tunica Albuginea
2 MINUTES
Seminiferous Tubule (Spermatogenic Cells)
5 MINUTES
Leydig Cell (Interstitial Cell of the Testis)
1 MINUTES
Rete Testis
2 MINUTES
Epididymis
3 MINUTES
Spermatic Cord
2 MINUTES
Prostate
3 MINUTES
Seminal Vesicle
2 MINUTES
Penis and Clitoris
4 MINUTES
Module 7
Urinary System
Lecture Overview
2 MINUTES
Kidney Anatomy and Blood Supply
3 MINUTES
Kidney Cortex and Medulla
2 MINUTES
Renal Corpuscle. Proximal and Distal Convoluted Tubule and Macula Densa
4 MINUTES
Kidney Lobule, Interlobular Artery and Vein
3 MINUTES
Afferent and Efferent Arteriole and Vasa Recta
2 MINUTES
Proximal and Distal Straight Tubules, Collecting Tubules; Loop of Henle
2 MINUTES
Renal Papilla and Kidney Capsule
2 MINUTES
Ureter
2 MINUTES
Urinary Bladder
2 MINUTES
Female and Male Urethra
3 MINUTES
Module 8
Lymphatic System
Lecture Overview
3 MINUTES
Lymphatic System (Introduction)
2 MINUTES
Diffuse Lymphatic Tissue and a Primary Lymph Nodule
4 MINUTES
Lymph Nodule
3 MINUTES
Palatine Tonsil
2 MINUTES
Lingual Tonsil
1 MINUTES
Peyer's Patches
1 MINUTES
Appendix
1 MINUTES
Lymphatic Vessels and Lymph Node (Introduction)
5 MINUTES
Lymph Node (Efferent and Afferent Lymphatic Vessels)
1 MINUTES
Lymph Node (Cortex, paracortex and Medulla)
2 MINUTES
High Endothelial Venules and Reticular Fibres
3 MINUTES
Bronchial Lymph Node
1 MINUTES
Thymus (Introduction)
1 MINUTES
Thymus
4 MINUTES
Spleen (Introduction)
3 MINUTES
Spleen (White Pulp)
3 MINUTES
Spleen (Red Pulp)
2 MINUTES
Spleen Blood Supply
3 MINUTES
Module 9
Oral Cavity, Tooth and Gingiva
Lecture Overview
3 MINUTES
Oral Cavity, Tooth and Gingiva (Introduction)
3 MINUTES
Lip and Labial Gland
4 MINUTES
Hard Palate
3 MINUTES
Ground Tooth
3 MINUTES
Decalcified Tooth, Pulp Cavity and Periodontal Ligament
4 MINUTES
Gingiva and Periodontium
3 MINUTES
Parotid Gland
4 MINUTES
Submandibular Gland
3 MINUTES
Sublingual Gland
3 MINUTES
Tongue
5 MINUTES
Module 10
Osophagus and Gastrointestinal Tract
Lecture Overview
3 MINUTES
Layers of the Gut Wall
5 MINUTES
Gut Mucosa
4 MINUTES
Esophagus (Introduction)
1 MINUTES
Esophagus
2 MINUTES
Stomach (Introduction)
2 MINUTES
Stomach (Cardiac and Pyloric Region and Rugae)
4 MINUTES
Stomach (Fundus Region)
4 MINUTES
Small Intestine (Introduction)
2 MINUTES
Lower Duodenum - Plicae Circulares, Submucosa, Muscularis Externa and Myenteric Plexus
3 MINUTES
Lower Duodenum, Enterocyte, Brush Border, Goblet Cell and Lamina Propria
2 MINUTES
Lower Duodenum - Muscosa and Crypts including Paneth Cells
2 MINUTES
Upper Duodenum, Brunner's Glands and Pyloric Sphincter
2 MINUTES
Crypts of Lieberkuhn and stem cell division
2 MINUTES
Jejunum and Ileum
1 MINUTES
Colon (Introduction)
2 MINUTES
Colon
3 MINUTES
Recto-Anal Junction
2 MINUTES
Module 11
Liver, Gallbladder and Pancreas
Lecture Overview
3 MINUTES
Liver, Gallbladder and Exocrine Pancreas (Introduction)
3 MINUTES
Liver
5 MINUTES
Gallbladder
2 MINUTES
Pancreas (Lobules)
3 MINUTES
Exocrine Pancreas (Intercalated Duct and Centroacinar Cell)
2 MINUTES
Pancreas (Secretory Acinus)
2 MINUTES
Module 12
The Eye
Lecture Overview
2 MINUTES
Eyeball
3 MINUTES
Retina
5 MINUTES
Anterior Eye
5 MINUTES
Cornea
2 MINUTES
Lens
2 MINUTES
Optic Tract
2 MINUTES
Optic Disc
1 MINUTES
Module 13
The Ear
Lecture Overview
2 MINUTES
Ear (Introduction)
4 MINUTES
Internal Ear (Histology)
3 MINUTES
Crista Ampularis and Cupula
1 MINUTES
Macula of the Utricle
1 MINUTES
Organ of Corti
3 MINUTES
Extenal Ear Canal
1 MINUTES
Module 14
Integumentary System
Lecture Overview
3 MINUTES
Thick Skin
2 MINUTES
Layers of the Epidermis
3 MINUTES
Sweat Gland
3 MINUTES
Meissner's and Pacinian Corpuscle
2 MINUTES
Melanocyte and Antigen Presenting Cell
2 MINUTES
Thin Skin
2 MINUTES
Hair Follicle
2 MINUTES
Sebaceous Gland
2 MINUTES
Toenail
2 MINUTES
Ceruminous Gland
2 MINUTES
MODULE 1
Histology: An Introduction

Introduction 1 - Course Syllabus

4 MINUTES

Introduction 2 - Artifacts due to Histological Processing Techniques

4 MINUTES

Introduction 3 - Limitations of Histological Stains/Dyes

2 MINUTES

Introduction 4 - 3D Interpretation from 2D Histological Sections

2 MINUTES
MODULE 2
Cardiovascular System

Lecture Overview

4 MINUTES

Heart Wall (Gross Anatomy)

2 MINUTES

Heart Wall (Histology)

4 MINUTES

Contractile Cardiac Muscle Fibres

2 MINUTES

Conducting Cardiac Muscle Fibres (Gross Anatomy)

2 MINUTES

Conducting Cardiac Muscle Fibres (Histology)

3 MINUTES

Aorta (Introduction)

3 MINUTES

Layers of the Aorta (Elastic Tissue Stained)

4 MINUTES

Layers of the Aorta (H&E Stained)

4 MINUTES

Large Muscular (Distributing) Artery

4 MINUTES

Small Muscular Artery (eg. in the Pancreas)

3 MINUTES

Small Muscular Artery (eg. in the Kidney)

3 MINUTES

Review of the Blood Vessel Wall

3 MINUTES

Arteriole and Venule (Transverse Section)

2 MINUTES

Arteriole and Venule (Longitudinal Section)

1 MINUTES

Smaller Arteriole and Venule

3 MINUTES

Capillaries

3 MINUTES

Valve in Vein

1 MINUTES

Large Vein (Vena Cava)

3 MINUTES
MODULE 3
Respiratory System

Lecture Overview

3 MINUTES

Nasal Cavity

3 MINUTES

Nasal Concha and Respiratory Tract Epithelium

4 MINUTES

Olfactory Epithelium

4 MINUTES

Larynx and Epiglottis

3 MINUTES

Vocal Folds

3 MINUTES

Trachea

3 MINUTES

Extrapulmonary Bronchus

3 MINUTES

Intrapulmonary Bronchus

4 MINUTES

Lung (Introduction)

2 MINUTES

Lung Lobule

2 MINUTES

Lung Acinus (Microanatomy Model)

4 MINUTES

Lung Acinus (Histology)

3 MINUTES

Pulmonary Artery and Pulmonary Vein

2 MINUTES

Alveolar Duct and Interalveolar Septum (Microanatomy Model)

3 MINUTES

Interalveolar Septum - Cell Types

2 MINUTES

Visceral Pleura

2 MINUTES
MODULE 4
Endocrine System

Lecture Overview

3 MINUTES

Pituitary Gland (Gross Anatomy)

1 MINUTES

Pituitary Gland (Introduction - Histology)

4 MINUTES

Adenohypophysis (Anterior Pituitary)

4 MINUTES

Neurohypophysis (Posterior Pituitary)

2 MINUTES

Pituitary Gland (Pars Nervosa)

1 MINUTES

Pituitary Gland - Pars Distalis and Nervosa (H&E Stain)

4 MINUTES

Thyroid Gland

5 MINUTES

Parathyroid Gland

2 MINUTES

Endocrine Pancreas

3 MINUTES

Adrenal Gland - Introduction

3 MINUTES

Adrenal Gland - Layers of the Cortex and Blood Supply

3 MINUTES

Adrenal Medulla

4 MINUTES
MODULE 5
Female Reproductive System

Lecture Overview

3 MINUTES

Female Reproductive System (Anatomy)

2 MINUTES

Ovary ("Germinal Epithelium", Tunica Albuginea and Primary Follicles)

4 MINUTES

Ovary (Primary and Secondary Oocytes; Theca Interna and Theca Externa)

2 MINUTES

Ovary (Secondary and Pre-Ovulatory Follicle)

2 MINUTES

Ovary (Atretic Follicle; Degenerated Zona Pellucida and Glassy Membrane)

2 MINUTES

Corpus Luteum and Corpus Albicans

3 MINUTES

Uterine Tube

2 MINUTES

Uterus (Proliferative and Secretory Endometrium)

5 MINUTES

Cervix and Vagina

3 MINUTES
MODULE 6
Male Reproductive System

Lecture Overview

2 MINUTES

Male Reproductive System (Gross Anatomy)

3 MINUTES

Testis and Tunica Albuginea

2 MINUTES

Seminiferous Tubule (Spermatogenic Cells)

5 MINUTES

Leydig Cell (Interstitial Cell of the Testis)

1 MINUTES

Rete Testis

2 MINUTES

Epididymis

3 MINUTES

Spermatic Cord

2 MINUTES

Prostate

3 MINUTES

Seminal Vesicle

2 MINUTES

Penis and Clitoris

4 MINUTES
MODULE 7
Urinary System

Lecture Overview

2 MINUTES

Kidney Anatomy and Blood Supply

3 MINUTES

Kidney Cortex and Medulla

2 MINUTES

Renal Corpuscle. Proximal and Distal Convoluted Tubule and Macula Densa

4 MINUTES

Kidney Lobule, Interlobular Artery and Vein

3 MINUTES

Afferent and Efferent Arteriole and Vasa Recta

2 MINUTES

Proximal and Distal Straight Tubules, Collecting Tubules; Loop of Henle

2 MINUTES

Renal Papilla and Kidney Capsule

2 MINUTES

Ureter

2 MINUTES

Urinary Bladder

2 MINUTES

Female and Male Urethra

3 MINUTES
MODULE 8
Lymphatic System

Lecture Overview

3 MINUTES

Lymphatic System (Introduction)

2 MINUTES

Diffuse Lymphatic Tissue and a Primary Lymph Nodule

4 MINUTES

Lymph Nodule

3 MINUTES

Palatine Tonsil

2 MINUTES

Lingual Tonsil

1 MINUTES

Peyer's Patches

1 MINUTES

Appendix

1 MINUTES

Lymphatic Vessels and Lymph Node (Introduction)

5 MINUTES

Lymph Node (Efferent and Afferent Lymphatic Vessels)

1 MINUTES

Lymph Node (Cortex, paracortex and Medulla)

2 MINUTES

High Endothelial Venules and Reticular Fibres

3 MINUTES

Bronchial Lymph Node

1 MINUTES

Thymus (Introduction)

1 MINUTES

Thymus

4 MINUTES

Spleen (Introduction)

3 MINUTES

Spleen (White Pulp)

3 MINUTES

Spleen (Red Pulp)

2 MINUTES

Spleen Blood Supply

3 MINUTES
MODULE 9
Oral Cavity, Tooth and Gingiva

Lecture Overview

3 MINUTES

Oral Cavity, Tooth and Gingiva (Introduction)

3 MINUTES

Lip and Labial Gland

4 MINUTES

Hard Palate

3 MINUTES

Ground Tooth

3 MINUTES

Decalcified Tooth, Pulp Cavity and Periodontal Ligament

4 MINUTES

Gingiva and Periodontium

3 MINUTES

Parotid Gland

4 MINUTES

Submandibular Gland

3 MINUTES

Sublingual Gland

3 MINUTES

Tongue

5 MINUTES
MODULE 10
Osophagus and Gastrointestinal Tract

Lecture Overview

3 MINUTES

Layers of the Gut Wall

5 MINUTES

Gut Mucosa

4 MINUTES

Esophagus (Introduction)

1 MINUTES

Esophagus

2 MINUTES

Stomach (Introduction)

2 MINUTES

Stomach (Cardiac and Pyloric Region and Rugae)

4 MINUTES

Stomach (Fundus Region)

4 MINUTES

Small Intestine (Introduction)

2 MINUTES

Lower Duodenum - Plicae Circulares, Submucosa, Muscularis Externa and Myenteric Plexus

3 MINUTES

Lower Duodenum, Enterocyte, Brush Border, Goblet Cell and Lamina Propria

2 MINUTES

Lower Duodenum - Muscosa and Crypts including Paneth Cells

2 MINUTES

Upper Duodenum, Brunner's Glands and Pyloric Sphincter

2 MINUTES

Crypts of Lieberkuhn and stem cell division

2 MINUTES

Jejunum and Ileum

1 MINUTES

Colon (Introduction)

2 MINUTES

Colon

3 MINUTES

Recto-Anal Junction

2 MINUTES
MODULE 11
Liver, Gallbladder and Pancreas

Lecture Overview

3 MINUTES

Liver, Gallbladder and Exocrine Pancreas (Introduction)

3 MINUTES

Liver

5 MINUTES

Gallbladder

2 MINUTES

Pancreas (Lobules)

3 MINUTES

Exocrine Pancreas (Intercalated Duct and Centroacinar Cell)

2 MINUTES

Pancreas (Secretory Acinus)

2 MINUTES
MODULE 12
The Eye

Lecture Overview

2 MINUTES

Eyeball

3 MINUTES

Retina

5 MINUTES

Anterior Eye

5 MINUTES

Cornea

2 MINUTES

Lens

2 MINUTES

Optic Tract

2 MINUTES

Optic Disc

1 MINUTES
MODULE 13
The Ear

Lecture Overview

2 MINUTES

Ear (Introduction)

4 MINUTES

Internal Ear (Histology)

3 MINUTES

Crista Ampularis and Cupula

1 MINUTES

Macula of the Utricle

1 MINUTES

Organ of Corti

3 MINUTES

Extenal Ear Canal

1 MINUTES
MODULE 14
Integumentary System

Lecture Overview

3 MINUTES

Thick Skin

2 MINUTES

Layers of the Epidermis

3 MINUTES

Sweat Gland

3 MINUTES

Meissner's and Pacinian Corpuscle

2 MINUTES

Melanocyte and Antigen Presenting Cell

2 MINUTES

Thin Skin

2 MINUTES

Hair Follicle

2 MINUTES

Sebaceous Gland

2 MINUTES

Toenail

2 MINUTES

Ceruminous Gland

2 MINUTES