Coronary Artery Bypass

Visual of a heart with a coronary artery bypass graft. Visual of a close-up of the internal structure of a blocked coronary artery, showing that blood cannot pass properly

A coronary artery bypass or coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) is a surgical procedure used to treat coronary heart disease. When the major arteries become clogged by fatty substances, a CABG diverts blood flow around the congested parts and aids in oxygen supply to the heart. It is estimated that around 200 million people in […]Lire l’article

Matters of the Heart: Exploring the Rare Condition Myocarditis

Simply put, myocarditis is inflammation of the heart muscle. Although it is a rare condition, it can develop from a viral infection, a drug reaction, or as a general inflammatory condition. This is a serious condition as the inflammation can reduce the ability of the heart to pump blood and in severe cases the heart […]Lire l’article

Glaucoma Awareness Month

Cross-section of the eye showing the improper drainage of fluid in the anterior chamber that is characteristic of glaucoma

January marks Glaucoma Awareness Month. Glaucoma is a condition that affects the eyes. It can be caused by a number of factors. The most common cause is the build-up of fluid in the anterior chamber of the eye due to the fluid not being able to properly drain. This in turn can lead to increased […]Lire l’article

‘Tis the season…for rhinitis

At this time of year, there are different seasonal worries. In the southern hemisphere, where it is summer, rhinitis can be more prevalent. While in the northern hemisphere, where it is winter, the flu is more widespread.  Rhinitis is inflammation and swelling of the nasal passageway. This is caused by a trigger or allergen that […]Lire l’article

Types of hysterectomy

Healthy anatomy vs. Pathologies in female reproductive anatomy

In terms of medical terminology “hyster” refers to the uterus and “ectomy” refers to the surgical removal of. Therefore, a hysterectomy is the removal of the uterus and most likely the cervix. Depending on the circumstances other tissues may also be removed in this procedure. In this post we will focus in on the four […]Lire l’article

Ghastly procedures from the past

Ghastly procedures from the past

Throughout history medicine has had some questionable procedures that were carried out on numerous patients. Today most of these procedures can be compared more to torture than an actual cure. In the spirit of Halloween and all things spooky, here are some examples of procedures that thankfully went out of favor.    Lobotomy- The neurologist Antonio […]Lire l’article

Types of contraception

Types of contraception

Today marks World Contraception Day. Let’s explore the different types of contraception.  The first type of contraception is a physical barrier that prevents the sperm interacting with the egg. These include condoms and the diaphragm. Male condoms are worn on the penis to prevent the sperm being released into the vagina. Female condoms are placed […]Lire l’article

Cauliflower Ear

Learn more about the anatomy of cauliflower ear

Auricular hematoma, more commonly known as cauliflower ear, describes the lumpy, deformed appearance of the ear. This is usually caused by blunt trauma to the outer ear. It is common in close-contact sports such as boxing, wrestling and rugby.   The outer ear includes the auricle and the external acoustic meatus, or auditory canal. The auricle […]Lire l’article

How Wildfire Smoke Can Affect Your Lung Health

How wildfire smoke can affect your lung health

With the current forest fire outbreaks around the world, let’s examine how wildfire smoke can affect your health.   Wildfire smoke releases a number of pollutants that irritate our lungs. For example, particle pollution found in smoke can lodge itself deep within our lungs, causing asthma attacks, heart attacks, strokes and even death. Wildfires also release […]Lire l’article

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